Osteoporosis: Stats, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and What Not to Eat

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Simone 22 Oct, 2018

Here are some stats about osteoporosis (or the ‘porous bone’ disease):

  • It affects more than 200 million people around the world

  • One out of three women and one out of five men above 50 years of age are affected

  • 30% of women and men suffer from osteoporotic hip fractures in the US and Europe

  • People who have had at least one osteoporotic hip fracture are nine times more likely to get another fracture

  • People with a low Body Mass Index (BMI<25) are at a higher risk

  • Diabetic patients are at a higher risk of osteoporosis

(Source: National Center for Biotechnology Information)

This blog offers information on this serious health condition and how you can keep it away from causing you more harm. We shall start with what it is and how you can identify its symptoms. Our healthcare experts shall also suggest what changes you should make in your lifestyle for the best results.

What Is Osteoporosis (or the Disease of “Porous Bones”)?

Your body breaks down parts of old bones and builds newer ones in their place regularly. But after 30 to 35 years of age, the bones start to lose their quality and strength at a much faster rate than your body can replace naturally. This leads to brittle and fragile bone structures, a serious health issue called osteoporosis.

It is also caused due to nervous system disorders and a lack of calcium in the bones. Failure to work on your physical strength can also court osteoporosis. With lesser nutrient intake over time, you could well end up fractures and sprains and broken ligaments more than you’d probably expect.


symptoms of osteoporosis

You can check yourself against the following symptoms to know if you are suffering from osteoporosis. Please note that these symptoms may vary on a person-to-person basis, and the severity of the disease may also be different for everyone.

  • Severe pain in hip, spine (back), or wrist

  • Change in posture

  • Recurring fractures

  • Reduced bone density

  • Less appetite

  • Inability to take deep breaths

  • Pain in standing up and working out


causes of osteoporosis

The following may relate to the onset of osteoporosis in a human body:

  • Sedentary lifestyle, lack of fitness

  • Lack of nutrients (especially calcium)

  • Digestive and nervous system disorders

  • Hormonal issues

  • Thyroid

  • Autoimmune Disorders

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • Cystic fibrosis

  • Issues with adrenal glands

  • Hereditary causes


medical treatment of osteoporosis

The issue of weaker and brittle bones becomes worse with age and weight gain. Your bones would have lost their best form with age and they’ll not be as healthy as they once used to be, mostly due to indulgent lifestyle practices and compulsive eating habits.

And you can’t reverse the damage just by popping some calcium or iron pills alone. There is no permanent cure for this disease but you can slow down its adverse effects by adopting a healthier and fitness-centric lifestyle.

Tip: Eating healthier foods, maintaining proper fitness, and doing yoga help a great deal.

The importance of physical exercise

Most people are aware of the importance of having enough calcium in their diet to ensure that bone density does not decrease. However, it isn’t the only important factor.

Being physically active is also super important for maintaining the strength of bones and skeletal structures. This is because increased physical activity can hasten the process of building bones through the phases of mineral acquisition and bone consolidation.

When it comes to being active, weight-bearing exercises are particularly important. Such exercises comprise the activities that you do while on your feet and legs, thus making your muscles and bones work against gravity.

Weight-bearing exercises for osteoporosis

During weight-bearing exercise, our bones adapt to the impact of weight and muscular pull by building more cells. Consequently, they become stronger and denser, and the risk of fracture, osteopenia, and osteoporosis reduces significantly.

Some of the most popular high-impact weight-bearing exercises to prevent osteoporosis are:

  • Walking

  • Jogging

  • Step aerobics

  • Playing sports like soccer, baseball, tennis, and basketball

  • Hiking

  • Dancing

Here are some low-impact weight-bearing exercises to back the above exercises up:

  • Training on elliptical training machines

  • Doing low-impact aerobics

  • Using stair-step machines

  • Fast walking on a treadmill or outside

It is therefore recommended that you include one of these forms of activity into your daily routine for around 30 minutes every day. They are also known as resistance exercises and they include:

  • Lifting weights

  • Using elastic exercise bands

  • Using weight machines

  • Lifting your body weight

Yoga and Pilates can also improve strength, balance, and flexibility. You may mix up your daily routine to include a mix of both aerobic and anaerobic exercises.

Caution: You should not do any of the above-mentioned exercises without consulting a healthcare specialist if you are suffering from the disease. Doing these exercises obsessively could do more harm than good, and the damage may be irreversible.

How to Prevent Osteoporosis without Medication?

how to treat osteoporosis without medications?

It is important to understand that calcium forms the basis of stronger bones and a robust physical structure. As a disease, osteoporosis makes our bones brittle and prone to fractures, two facts that make it an anti-thesis to a natural physical structure.

Here is how you can prevent osteoporosis naturally:

  • Drink milk, it is rich in calcium

  • Eat a healthy diet of fruits, vegetables, juices, and whole grains

  • Rely on good quality dairy products like milk and yogurt

  • Sit in the sunshine to absorb vitamin D

  • Stay away from alcohol and smoking

  • Drink coffee in moderation

  • Detox your body every weekend

  • Do weight-bearing exercises

What not to eat if you have osteoporosis?

Here are some precautions that you should observe in the wake of this disease:

  • Do not eat high-salt foods

  • Do not take an excess of vitamin A or wheat bran

  • Stay away from fast foods and sugary drinks like pizzas and cola drinks

  • Stay away from soda, alcohol, and binge drinking

  • Do not eat red meat

  • Do not use cod liver oil

Consult a Healthcare Expert to Diagnose Osteoporosis and Other Bone Density Disorders

We also recommend you consult a virtual health and wellness expert to know of a personalized plan. If you can’t go to a gym or fitness studio, you can start with some no-equipment home-based exercises under a qualified virtual fitness trainer. He would guide you better to work for your fitness at a much faster and better pace.

With time and patience, you can wade yourself out of bone-related disorders caused by osteoporosis. However, the more important thing is to stay consistent with your exercises and to eat healthily. It would take you some time to make these changes but they would all be worth it. Your bones and ligaments too would thank you someday for it!

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